What is a account class

In the world of accounting, all financial transactions such as costs and revenues are organised into various accounts. Each of these accounts falls within a broader categorisation known as «account classes», which are further segmented into account groups for granular financial management.


Accounting frameworks typically recognise eight distinct account classes. These classes serve to systematically group transactions according to their nature, distinguishing between assets, liabilities, income, and expenses.

Accounts within the accounting system are denoted by four-digit codes. The initial digit reveals the class to which the account belongs, while the subsequent digits act as subcategories that delineate the account group and specific account code. Through these subcategories, one can accurately classify the type of transaction being recorded.

Proper allocation to the corresponding account class and group is essential for maintaining orderly financial records and ensuring compliance with accounting standards.